Monday, May 25, 2020

Essay on Manifest Destiny - 1312 Words

One of the largest and most wealthy countries in the world, the United States of America, has gone through many changes in its long history. From winning its independence from Great Britain to present day, America has changed dramatically and continues to change. A term first coined in the 1840s, Manifest Destiny helped push America into the next century and make the country part of what it is today. The ideas behind Manifest Destiny played an important role in the development of the United States by allowing the territorial expansion of the 1800s. Without the expansion of the era, America would not have most of the western part of the country it does now. Manifest Destiny, before becoming nationally known, started very meagerly. The†¦show more content†¦The increase in population would cause a nation to definitely want to increase land to accommodate the growth and to prevent over-population which could eventually lead to poverty. Other reasons fueling the need to expand included the thought that land ownership meant someone was wealthy and could support him/herself. An easy way to achieve this reputation was to move west where land was easy to obtain. Land ownership could also signal political power which was very important. Another reason was in 1818 and 1839 the United States suffered an economic depression (Manifest Destiny). Instead of relying on the government in the crisis, citizens found life better on the frontier away from the depression. Trade was a very important part of the life in the nineteenth century so being able to live on the west coast would open a whole new window of trade opportunities. Ports on the west coast could also turn into large cities and prosper like the ones on the east coast and promote new commerce (Adams 332). Supporters of Manifest Destiny ranged from humble farmers and lower-classmen to powerful political leaders of the era. Though supporters social classes differed, they shared many similar views. The supporters believed that the United States had superiority over neighboring countries in talent and political institutions (Adams 332). Some supportersShow MoreRelatedEssay On Manifest Destiny1709 Words   |  7 Pagesone of many seminal events in the history of the United States. However, it began the debt we are still in today; the Louisiana Purchase gave us the land that began the Manifest Destiny. â€Å"The term Manifest Destiny originated in the 1840’s when John L. O’Sullivan said in an article that it was the American colonist’s Manifest Destiny to spread over the continent and that God had given them the land for the sole purpose of multiplying and free development.† (History.com staff). It was this philosophyRead MoreThe Manifest Destiny Essay1076 Words   |  5 Pagesfull swing by the 1840s. Which evidenced that the continued expansion of the states was an issue and the idea of a Manifest Destiny was of major importance. John L. O’Sullivan once stated, â€Å"Our Manifest Destiny is to overspread the continent allotted by Providence for the free development of our yearly multiplying millions† (America: A Narrative History). The idea of a Manifest Destiny originated in the 1840s by the Anglo-Saxon Colonists to expand their ideal civilization and institutions across NorthRead MoreManifest Destiny : Ideal Or Justification Essay883 Words   |  4 PagesManifest destiny: Ideal or Justification The Louisiana Purchase doubled the size of U.S in 1803. But it is not enough for ambitious Americans, we are not satisfied, we wanted more territory. So western expansion did not end, it actually keep moved. Westward Expansion is a very significant part in U.S history. It operated perfectly based on the ideology called manifest destiny. However, the creation of this theory is on purpose. It was used to push U.S territory to further west. When the idea of manifestRead MoreManifest Destiny Is An American Philosophy Essay2281 Words   |  10 Pages Manifest Destiny is an American philosophy with which it is to justify how that country has understood their place in the world and how to relate to other people. It is a doctrine, phrase or idea that expresses the belief that the United States is destined to spread to the four winds as supports the idea that is, to expand on the territories conquered North America and, in general, on the Western Hemisphere. This doctrine was not free of racism, considering that the American people wereRead MoreManifest Destiny Research Paper :1382 Words   |  6 Pages2014 Manifest Destiny Research Paper: The 1840’S were years of unprecedented growth for United States; in a mere four years, the national domain more than doubled with an additional 1.2 million miles being added to the country. (PBS) This was due to a movement called Manifest Destiny that suggested that the United States was â€Å"destined† to stretch from coast, sea to shining sea, uninterrupted by anything or anyone. (History.com) However, complex and underlying motives guided Manifest Destiny advocatesRead MoreManifest Destiny And Westward Expansion Essay1447 Words   |  6 Pages1) OUTLINE: I. Topic sentence. Manifest destiny and westward expansion was a tremendous key component to the growth of the nation economically because of the impact it had on native americans, women empowerment, and expanding the population of the country. II. Significance of topic. Americans looked towards the western lands as an opportunity for large amounts of free land, for growth of industry, and pursue the manifest destiny. III. List of evidence related to topic. The railwaysRead MoreManifest Destiny: Term or Reality Essay1315 Words   |  6 PagesThe three authors that describe Manifest destiny have very different beliefs but all use one person with vastly different views on Manifest Destiny and his beliefs on the term. The person that first used the term in any form of writing was John O’ Sullivan and is accredited with coining the phrase but much of this time had this strong belief in expanding the territory and states of the United States. Their views on this term were different because some believed that the United States should expandRead MoreExplain The Background, And Repercussions Of Manifest Destiny1956 Words   |  8 PagesExplain the background, and repercussions of, Manifest Destiny. In 1845, John O’Sullivan wrote an Article in the ‘United States Magazine and Democratic Review’ in favor of the annexation of Texas. In this article the term ‘Manifest Destiny’ was created. O’Sullivan wrote â€Å"the fulfilment of our Manifest Destiny to overspread the continent allotted by Providence for the free development of our yearly multiplying millions.† Thus supplying the American people with the idea that it was their God-givenRead MoreManifest Destiny, By John L. Sullivan1491 Words   |  6 PagesIt is hard to read anything about the history of the United States without coming across the term â€Å"Manifest Destiny†. Manifest Destiny is a term, which was first coined by John L. Sullivan in the summer 1845 issue of the Democratic Review. â€Å"Hence it was carried into the debate on the Oregon question in the House of Representatives and proved to be such a convenient summing up of the self-confident nationalist and expansionist sentiment of the time that it passed into the permanent national vocabularyRead MoreInsight about the Mexican War and the Manifest Destiny Essay1046 Words   |  5 Pagesthe Mexican War and how did it begin? or What is Manifest Destiny and who came up with it? Those are all very good questions, so let me take the time to give you some insight about the Mexican war and Manifest Destiny. The Manifest Destiny was the belief that the United States was destined to expand from coast to coast. It was the concept that which heavily influenced American policy in the 1800s. Americans supported the manifest destiny because the Southerners wanted more land and Northerners

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Attachment Theory And Its Effects On Personality - 965 Words

CWID: 11390617 In interacting with people in my daily life, I often attribute an individual’s negative actions or attitudes to their innate personality. If someone is overly emotional or selfish, I, like many others, will initially believe that those traits are simply who they are as a person. What if this is untrue, and these individuals are simply a product of unhealthy attachment styles in their younger years? As I have continued to learn more about the subject of attachment theory, I am struck by the amount of influence a person’s younger years can have on their later psychological development. I was aware that childhood years were quite impactful on one’s future, but did not fully understand the specifics. This newfound knowledge†¦show more content†¦Over time, these occurrences caused me to view her as a needy, clingy â€Å"drama queen† who cared about nothing except her own problems. The relationship became exhausting as there was no give and take on her part, only take. At the time, I thought these traits were simply who she was wired to be. If I had known what I do now, I could have looked to her past to find some answers for these concerning behaviors. Molly grew up in a single parent household with her mother as the sole breadwinner. She had multiple jobs and was rarely home due to this. Additionally, Molly’s father was virtually nonexistent. This scenario is a perfect brewing ground for an insecure attachment style. I could easily imagine a situation where an infant Molly would only receive the attention and affection she desperately craved when she screamed and cried her hardest. Her mother was most likely exhausted in the small amount of time she was present, allowing her to fall short in creating the bond between mother and child. I cannot know these details for sure, of course, but attachment theory seems to perfectly explain Molly’s behavior as she grew older. She sought approval heavily from me or others, a nd could not find it within herself. She lacked basic emotional regulation and confidence. Sadly, my efforts to console her and boost her self-esteem would almost always prove pointless, causing me to feel constantly drained by theShow MoreRelatedAn Attachment Theoretical Framework For Personality Disorders1532 Words   |  7 PagesLiterature Review and Analysis In the article titled An Attachment Theoretical Framework for Personality Disorders explores how John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth’s attachment theory provides a coherent perception of â€Å"intrapsychic and interpersonal† (2013) aspects of personality disorders, such as antisocial personality disorder. Adverse attachment is often at the root of most antisocial personality disorders. This theoretical groundwork pairs breadth and parsimony to the conceptualization of BowlbyRead MoreChild Care Services1536 Words   |  7 PagesChild Care Services, that include first, custodial services concerning health, hygiene and safety of children, second, child development services covering socialization, language skill and personality development and third, pre-school services ranging from informal learning to formal educational preparatory learning from elementary schools, was appeared to be initiated in France in 1770 in the name of â€Å"Salles d’asile† (asylum room) for serving the interest of working women. Along with custodial servicesRead MoreThe Attachment Theory and Factors Damaging to Attachment1163 Words   |  5 PagesAttachment Theory Relationships are the building block for personality and are significant in children’s ability to grow into substantial individuals who can thrive in an often harsh world. Constructing lasting and fulfilling relationships is an integral part to development as the interpersonal bonds forged are not only highly sought after but also set the ground work for all upcoming expressive interactions. Relationships and attachment go hand in hand as attachment is the strong and lasting linkageRead MorePersonality Development of Children: Who Matters More?1681 Words   |  7 PagesPersonality development of children: Who Matters More? Judith Harris and John Bowlby The impact of parents on child development has been a major matter among developmental psychologists who have been trying to find a direct link between parental activities and the personality development of children. The nature vs. nurture debate remains vital and keeps the world of developmental and clinical psychology polarized for a long time now (Encyclopedia.com). There are various factors that affectRead MoreBeing the Child of a Parent with a Mental Illness1727 Words   |  7 Pageschild’s secure attachment and long-term mental health. Parental mental health concerns place children at a significantly greater risk of lower social, psychological and physical health than children in families not affected by mental illness. (Mayberry et al, 2005). Living with a parent suffering from a mental illness can have huge negative effects for the developing child. It has been proven numerous times that there is a genuine link between parental mental illness and its adverse effects for childrenRead MoreThe Relationship Between Essentialist And Contextualist Standpoints On Personality Continuity866 Words   |  4 PagesPersonality tends to refer to a unique, systemic amalgamation of characteristics and traits that define an individual (Mayer, 2007). However, contesting views on the specifics of this definition inform varied perspectives on the malleability or permanence of personality throughout life; while Mayer (2007) has further described personality as a ‘developing system’, others, such as Pervin, Cervone, John (2005), state that it must prescribe ‘consistent patterns’ in cognition and behaviour. The resultantRead MorePersonality Development By Mary D. Salter Ainsworth And John Bowlby1322 Words   |  6 PagesMain Idea Attachment, as defined by â€Å"Infants, Children, and Adolescents† is the strong emotional connection that develops between an infant and caregiver, which provides the infant with a sense of joy, comfort, and emotional security (Berk, 2012, p. 264). Between 6 to 12 months of age, infants typically have developed said strong emotional connection to familiar people who have responded to their need for comfort, care, and other needs. While many individuals might suggest that a baby’s emotionalRead MoreMary Ainsworth And Attachment : An Influential Psychologist1576 Words   |  7 PagesMary Ainsworth and Attachment Mary Ainsworth was an influential psychologist in the area of attachment. She had a great life and not only helped further other psychologists’ findings, but also made significant findings of her own. Historical Context The types of studies in the area of attachments before Mary Ainsworth were the works of Harry Harlow, John Bowlby, and William Blatz. Harry Harlow was born October 31st, 1905 in Iowa to a small farming community. He obtained his BA and PhD at StanfordRead MoreAttachment, Antisocial, And Antisocial Behavior1716 Words   |  7 PagesAttachment and Antisocial Behavior in Adolescents Secure early infant attachments are imperative to a person’s life because it assists in the development of empathy and emotional self-regulation. A healthy development of empathy and emotional self-regulation promotes prosocial behavior. Prosocial behavior is the deliberate action of helping and/or benefiting another person, group, or society in general without any thought of being rewarded. Securing an early infant attachment can develop an automaticRead MoreMonsters On The Brain : An Evolutionary Epistemology Of Horror Essay1455 Words   |  6 PagesAinsworth, Mary D. Bell, Silvia M. (1970) Attachment, exploration, and separation: Illustrated by the behavior of one-year-olds in a strange situation. Child Development, 41(1), pp. 49-67. Doi: 10.2307/1127388 Asma, S. T. (2014). Monsters on the brain: An evolutionary epistemology of horror. Social Research, 81(4), 941-968. Belsky, J., Steinberg, L., Draper, P. (1991). Childhood eExperience, iInterpersonal dDevelopment, and rReproductive sStrategy: An eEvolutionary tTheory of sSocialization

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Business Overview and Financial Statements Based Decision Making

Question: Discuss about the Business Overview and Financial Statements Based Decision Making. Answer: Introduction Wesfarmers limited is a diversified business group which is based in Australia and has its headquarters in Perth. It started as a farmers cooperative in 1914 with the main focus on the providing a host of services of the rural community based in Western Australia. The scope of activities gradually enhanced with the cooperative engaging in trading of food and animal products. The company was listed on the Australian Stock Exchange in the year 1984 after being restructured from a cooperative to company in the same year. Post its listing, the company has acquired interests in diversified businesses. Some of the prominent ones are discussed below (Wesfarmers, 2015). Coles The company acquired the retail business of Coles group in 2007 for a consideration of AUD 22 billion. Coles is a prominent retailor which along with Woolworths forms a duopoly in the supermarket industry. Coles has a workforce in excess of 100,000 and operates supermarkets (767), liquor outlets (815), fuel and convenience stores(636) along with 92 hotels. Home Improvement and Office Supplies The prominent brands under this business are Bunnings Warehouse and OfficeWorks. While Bunnings deals with home improvement products along with home servicing products, OfficeWorks tends to deal with office products that may be required in education, business or home. Recently, the company has acquired a British player named Homebase. Department Stores- This is operated under two main brands namely Kmart and Target. Kmart is a discount departmental store with wide presence in Australia and New Zealand. Targets presence is limited only to Australia. The cumulative employees in these stores are about 55,000. Industrials The group also has presence in three main segments as indicated below. Energy and Fertilisers The company is involved in the production of various chemicals and fertilisers. Also, it has made inroads with regards to distribution of LNG and LPG regionally in Australia. Resources The company is involved in coal mining and exports metallurgical coal. Further, steaming coal is produced for local consumption in power plants. Industrial and Safety The company provides solutions related to industrial safety in Australia and New Zealand through a host of partners and associates. Other businesses The company has made investments in various diversified businesses globally and these belong to different sectors. Although majority of the revenue of the group is generated from Australia and New Zealand, the company through wholly owned subsidiaries has presence in various geographies namely China, India, Hong Kong, USA, UK, Indonesia, Singapore, UAE, Bermuda and Botswana. In the year FY2015, the consolidated group revenue stood at AUD 62.45 billion with an operating profit of AUD 3.76 billion and a net profit of AUD 2.44 billion. The total employees associated with the group stood at a staggering 205,000 (Wesfarmers, 2015). Use of financial statements in decision making The various financial statements that are periodically disclosed by the company are immensely useful for decision making by a host of stakeholders as explained below. Balance Sheet The balance sheet aims to capture the financial position of the firm on a given date. This provides useful data with regards to the assets, liability and equity which is critical for many stakeholders as highlighted below (Parrino and Kidwell, 2011). Creditors The balance sheet provides vital information with regards to the capital structure and the outstanding liabilities of the company along with the various assets that it has. This is critical so as to form an informed opinion about the liquidity position through ratios such as current ratio, acid test ratio etc. The creditors may adjust the credit limit based on this. Stock Analysts The stock analysts gain vital information with regards to the ongoing business especially with accounts receivables and inventory since these indicate about the prevailing business scenario. Also, the various efficiency ratios are also computed using the balance sheet of the company (Damodaran, 2008). Shareholders It provides a summarised picture of the financial position of the firm and hence is immensely useful for the investors with regards to taking investment decision. Also, the idle cash on the balance sheet is an important parameter as investors want the cash to be converted into dividends. Management The management gets key data from the balance sheet with regards to the existing capital structure and sources of funding. It also reflects on the degree of leverage and thereby allows the management to reflect the altering priorities for the company in altering the funding mix (Brealey, Myers and Allen, 2008). Income Statement The income statement of the firm tends to indicate the profitability of the operations of the firm during a given period. The utility of the income statement in decision making by various stakeholders is explained below (Petty et. al, 2015). Lenders The profitability of the company provides a fair idea to the lenders as to whether the company is able to generate operating profits which are atleast required to service the debt obligations. In this regard, the interest coverage ratio is a critical indicator of short term liquidity. Typically loss making companies would require more comfort for the lenders and also higher finance costs (Damodaran, 2015). Shareholders- The income statement provides data with regards to the profitability of the company which is a critical investment parameter for the investors. This is because the share prices tend to be sensitive to the underlying EPS of the firm and it needs to be ascertained whether the earnings are higher or lower than expected. Further, the dividend also to some extent is dependent on generation of profits (Brealey, Myers and Allen, 2008). Management- The income statement provides critical information with regards to the margins at the gross level and the net level. By conducting an analysis of the income statement, the management can identify underperforming products and markets and can also concentrate on the significant costs and the mechanism to control the same. The decisions regarding quantum of bonuses also depends on the income statement components such as revenue and profitability. Further, based on performance of various businesses, the management can separate the core businesses and divest in non-core businesses (Parrino Kidwell, 2011). Employees The income statement is also keenly observed by employees who tend to take decision to stay or quit based on the profitability and the future business prospects. If the company is making losses that too sustainably, it is highly likely that the career progression would be hampered and in such cases, employees may look for opportunity elsewhere. Cash Flow Statement The cash flow statement tends to represent the cash position of the company at a particular date. The utility of the cash flow statement in decision making by various stakeholders is explained below (Damodaran, 2008). Shareholders The cash flow statement has gained immense importance in the recent time with regards to making prudent investment choices. The cash flow statement tends to act as complementary to the income statement and provides an idea as to whether the revenue is effectively being converted into cash or not. Lenders Creditors The cash flow statement is imperative for creditors and lenders as their financing decisions would be influenced by the manner and size of cash generation as compared to the cash spending. Further, a positive cash generation at the operational level is a significant parameter with regards to the health of the business (Petty et. al., 2015). Management The cash flow statement provides an indication of the cash flow patterns and the cash surplus and deficit situation that the company faces and hence can be effectively used by the management to estimate future capital requirements (Parrino Kidwell, 2011). References Brealey, R., Myers, S.and Allen, F. (2008), Principles of Corporate Finance (Global edition), New York: McGraw Hill Publications Damodaran, A. (2008), Corporate Finance, London: Wiley Publications Parrino, R. and Kidwell, D. (2011), Fundamentals of Corporate Finance, London: Wiley Publications Petty, J.W., Titman, S., Keown, A.J., Martin, P., Martin J.D. Burrow, M. (2015), Financial Management: Principles and Applications, Sydney: Pearson Australia Wesfarmers (2015), 2015 Annual Report, Retrieved on August 24, 2016 from https://www.wesfarmers.com.au/docs/default-source/reports/2015-annual-report.pdf?sfvrsn=2

Wednesday, April 8, 2020

Anarchism and the State Essays - Anti-fascism, Political Philosophy

Anarchism and the State Essays - Anti-fascism, Political Philosophy Anarchism and the State Anarchism and the State States have varied both historically and geographically such that for example David Held distinguishes between traditional states, feudal states,the polity of estates ,absolutist states and modern states while Richards and Smith distinguish between liberal states, social democratic states, collectivist states, totalitarian states and developmental states. Such distinctions are extremely important but I shall be concentrating in the following documents on the modern liberal democratic and social democratic states and later on important more recent changes in the nature of the modern British State. A very useful brief definition of the state has been provided by Andrew Heywood. He states that " the state can most simply be described as a political association that establishes sovereign jurisdiction within defined territorial borders and exercises authority through a set of permanent institutions. Using this definition let us isolate the key features of the state follows: 1.States aim to ensure that citizens comply with their laws and they may do so by engineering the consent of the citizens and or by the use of force. The monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force is central to Max Weber's definition of the state. He states that "a compulsory political organisation with continuous operations will be called a "state" insofar as its administrative staff successfully upholds the claims to the monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force in the enforcement of its order." 2.It has also been argued by the French Marxist Louis Althusser that institutions such as the family, the church, the education system and the mass media should be seen as part of the state since they are ideological state apparatuses which function to legitimise the continued existence of the capitalist state. However other theorists would claim that these institutions are part of civil society rather than the State. 3.Modern states are organised on the basis of their Constitutions. A state's constitution may be defined as a system of rules and conventions by which the state is governed. Most importantly the Constitution specifies the relative powers of and relationships between the various political institutions of the state, most notably the Executive, the Legislature and the Judiciary and the rights and obligations of the citizen in relation to the state. Anarchism literally means without rule or without government. It has traditionally been associated with chaos, social disorder, destruction, violence and even terrorism. For example in the latter stages of the French Revolution the so-called Enrages who were critical of the Jacobin government for their failure to do more to help the poor and the disadvantaged were described by the government as anarchists in this pejorative sense and since then the word anarchist has often been used, particularly by moderates as a term of political abuse. However increasingly from the late C18th political theorists building on long standing political criticisms of authority developed an altogether more positive interpretation of the term anarchism. The case for Anarchism has come to rest essentially on the idea that political arguments in support of political authority and particularly arguments in support of the state are flawed. In the anarchist view the state does not guarantee social order, nor protect individual liberty, nor create the economic conditions for the improvement of working class life as conservatives, liberals and non-anarchist socialists would argue: rather the state constrains the individual and creates social disorder. Conversely the anarchists claim it is only individual freedom and the abolition of the state which will result in real human self-development and social harmony. To see this let us discuss the Anarchist logo. We must recognise that although the ideology of Anarchism contains important core elements there are also major divergences within this ideology. Anarchists are committed to the cause of individual liberty. They believe that individuals are the best judges of their own best interests and that they should therefore possess the high degree of liberty necessary to enable them to think and act as they see fit. The exercise of individual liberty will result also in social order and social harmony whereas if individuals are constrained by other individuals and organisations and especially if they are constrained by the State the result will be social disorder and social disharmony. All anarchists of all types are united

Monday, March 9, 2020

AP Chemistry Scores - Learn What You Need for College

AP Chemistry Scores - Learn What You Need for College Fewer students take AP Chemistry than AP Biology, Physics, or Calculus. Nevertheless, the course is an excellent choice for students interested in pursuing a STEM field in college, or for students who want to demonstrate to college admissions officers that they pushed themselves to take challenging courses in high school. Most colleges and universities have a science and lab requirement, so a high score on the AP Chemistry exam will sometimes fulfill these requirements. About the AP Chemistry Course and Exam AP Chemistry is designed to cover the material that a student would typically encounter in an introductory chemistry course taken in the first year of college. The course will sometimes fulfill a science requirement, laboratory requirement, or place a student into the second semester of a chemistry sequence. AP Chemistry is organized around six central ideas that allow students to understand and predict chemical interactions: Atoms. Students learn that the chemical elements are the building blocks of all matter, and that matter is defined by the arrangement of those atoms.Properties of Materials. This section examines the ways that the physical and chemical properties of materials are defined by the arrangements of atoms, ions, or molecules, and the forces between them.Changes in Matter. Students study the way that the rearrangement of atoms and transfer of electrons causes changes in matter.Reaction Rates. In this section, students study how the rate at which chemicals react is governed by the nature of the molecular collisions.Laws of Thermodynamics. Through a study of the laws of thermodynamics, students learn about the conservation of energy and how that relates to changes in matter.Equilibrium. Students learn that chemical reactions are reversible and can proceed in either direction. Chemical equilibrium results when opposing chemical processes occur at the same rate. Central to the course is the students ability to model phenomena, use mathematics to solve problems, pose and evaluate scientific questions, collect and analyze data, and make claims and predictions about chemical phenomena based on scientific models and theories. AP Chemistry Score Information The AP Chemistry exam was taken by 161,852 students in 2018. Only 90,398 of those students (55.9 percent) earned a score of 3 or higher indicating that they have a level of mastery sufficient for possibly earning college credit.   The mean score for the AP Chemistry exam was 2.80, and the scores were distributed as follows: AP Chemistry Score Percentiles (2018 Data) Score Number of Students Percentage of Students 5 21,624 13.4 4 28,489 17.6 3 40,285 24.9 2 38,078 23.5 1 33,376 20.6 If your score is on the low end of the scale, realize that you dont need to report it to colleges. Unlike the SAT and ACT, AP exam scores are typically self-reported and not required. Course Credit and Placement for AP Chemistry The table below presents some representative data from a variety of colleges and universities. This information is meant to provide a general picture of the way that selective colleges view the AP Chemistry exam. Youll see that all the schools do offer credit for a strong score on the chemistry exam,  even if just general credits with no placement- AP Chemistry is one of the more widely-accepted exams. Note that all of the private institutions require at least a 4 on the exam to earn credit while all the public institutions except for Georgia Tech will accept a 3. Keep in mind that AP placement data changes frequently, so be sure to check with a colleges Registrar to get the most up-to-date information. AP Chemistry Scores and Placement College Score Needed Placement Credit Georgia Tech 5 CHEM 1310 (4 semester hours) Grinnell College 4 or 5 4 semester credits; CHM 129 Hamilton College 4 or 5 1 credit after completing CHEM 125 and/or 190 LSU 3, 4 or 5 CHEM 1201, 1202 (6 credits) for a 3; CHEM 1421, 1422 (6 credits) for a 4 or 5 MIT - no credit or placement for AP Chemistry Mississippi State University 3, 4 or 5 CH 1213 (3 credits) for a 3; CH 1213 and CH 1223 (6 credits) for a 4 or 5 Notre Dame 4 or 5 Chemistry 10101 (3 credits) for a 4; Chemistry 10171 (4 credits) for a 5 Reed College 4 or 5 1 credit; no placement Stanford University 5 CHEM 33; 4 quarter units Truman State University 3, 4 or 5 CHEM 100 Chemistry (4 credits) for a 3; CHEM 120 Chemical Principles I (5 credits) for a 4 or 5 UCLA (School of Letters and Science) 3, 4 or 5 8 credits and Introductory CHEM for a 3; 8 credits and General CHEM for a 4 or 5 Yale University 5 1 credit; CHEM 112a, 113b, 114a, 115b A Final Word on AP Chemistry Course credit and placement arent the only reasons to take AP Chemistry. When applying to colleges, a strong academic record will be the most important part of your application. Colleges want to see that you have succeeded in the most challenging courses available to you, and AP, IB, and Honors all play an important role on this front. Doing well in Advanced Placement classes (and AP exams) is a far better predictor of future college success than standardized tests such as the SAT or ACT. To learn more specific information about the AP Chemistry exam, be sure to visit the  official College Board website.

Friday, February 21, 2020

Innovating assesment Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 words

Innovating assesment - Assignment Example Innovation is the use of new knowledge to offer new products and services that are required by the customer in the market. To say that innovation has a complex nature is to refer to the process of innovation not only as a creation or invention of a novel idea, but to refer to innovation as to comprise of the activities involved in its implementation and development. According to Van de Ven, (1986, p. 591), innovation has been defined as the ‘’development and implementation of new ideas by people who over time engage in transactions with others within changing institutional and organizational context.’’ This thus makes it accentuate its context dependency and also its social, political, collective and temporal nature. It has been observed therefore that, scholars who aspire to understand the emergence and development of innovation have always recognized that innovation is a complex, iterative and a dynamic process which cannot be separated from its broader c oncept, (Barrett & Walsham, 1999). Over the years, researchers have observed innovation to move from less complex models which do not capture its complexity to more complex and in-depth inductive studies that show the development of innovation over time, (Edwards, 2000). ... fluid models which portray the innovative process is distinguished by Wolfe (1994) in a review of the organization innovation literature, and importantly noting that linear models of innovations were not followed by the innovations which develop within the organizations, but instead, the innovations originated through an ‘’iterative process with many feedback together with feed forward cycles (p. 411). Following the results of a very recent research that was published between 1997 and 2002, it was confirmed unequivocally that non-linearity of innovation in an organization is likened to a form of social structuring having attendant intricate and interactive effects, (Anderson, De Dreu, & Nijstad, 2004). Within the social system, theories of innovation are fundamentally considered as theories of change. Innovation can take two models; the linear and the non-linear models of innovation. The linear model is always considered to be a simpler model of innovation. This model ha s received recognition since the 1940s and claims that, ‘’innovation originates from the nursery of basic research.’’ It tries to compare innovation with a growing child, who goes through school and to the university to full time employment (Chia, 1996). Innovation on the other hand begins from the basic research to development, and finally to the marketplace. This linear model of innovation contains some elements of truth, but misses the fact that innovation may come from the other way round. This is to say, the linear model takes it that innovation may only come from researchers and neglects the fact that it might also result from consumers, users and efforts to solve certain practical problems (Czarniawska, 2005). The model also overstates the contribution the basic research makes to the